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  • Writer's pictureGaby

Prescription Medications(Rx) And Dry Mouth

Updated: Dec 14, 2023

Dry mouth, also known as xerostomia, can be a side effect of various prescription medications. Medications from different classes may contribute to dry mouth, and it's essential to note that individual responses to medications can vary. If you're experiencing dry mouth as a side effect of a prescribed medication, it's crucial to consult with your healthcare provider. They can help determine the best course of action, whether it involves adjusting the dosage, switching to an alternative medication, or recommending strategies to manage the symptoms.

Here is a list of some common prescription medications and drug classes associated with dry mouth:

  1. Antidepressants:

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): e.g., fluoxetine, sertraline.

  • Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs): e.g., amitriptyline, nortriptyline.

  1. Antihypertensive Medications:

  • Diuretics: e.g., hydrochlorothiazide.

  • Beta-blockers: e.g., propranolol, metoprolol.

  1. Antipsychotic Medications:

  • Phenothiazines: e.g., chlorpromazine.

  • Atypical antipsychotics: e.g., olanzapine, risperidone.

  1. Antihistamines:

  • First-generation antihistamines: e.g., diphenhydramine, chlorpheniramine.

  1. Anticholinergic Medications:

  • Medications with anticholinergic properties can contribute to dry mouth. This includes certain medications used for allergies, motion sickness, and overactive bladder.

  1. Muscle Relaxants:

  • Baclofen, a muscle relaxant, may cause dry mouth as a side effect.

  1. Opioid Pain Medications:

  • Opioids, such as morphine and oxycodone, can lead to dry mouth.

  1. Anti-Anxiety Medications:

  • Benzodiazepines: e.g., diazepam, alprazolam.

  1. Others:

  • Antiretroviral medications: Some medications used to treat HIV/AIDS may cause dry mouth.

  • Appetite suppressants: Medications used for weight loss may contribute to dry mouth.

If you are experi vencing dry mouth due to medication, consider the following tips:

  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.

  • Chew sugar-free gum or suck on sugar-free candy to stimulate saliva production.

  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol, as they can exacerbate dry mouth.

  • Use a humidifier in your bedroom, especially at night.

  • Considere an oral rinse for dry mouth

  • Maintain good oral hygiene to reduce the risk of dental issues associated with dry mouth.

It's important to address the root cause of dry mouth, especially if it's a side effect of medication or related to an underlying medical condition. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and treatment options.

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